The Five-Finger rule for reading has been designed to help learners recall the five primary elements of the story. This strategy has played a crucial role in helping students develop several fundamental skills such as listening, forecasting, and summarizing, and many mental skills. Educators need to understand the significance of the Five-Finger strategy is and how it can be applied in the educational system to help students learn better and develop skills that benefit them in their future lives.
Background of Five Finger Retell Strategy:
As told by a dissertation writing services, teachers are the central element of the educational system. As they are a connection between the students and quality learning, they work hard to come up with strategies and methods to help students achieve their goals. It would not be wrong to say that the outcome of a student’s educational process depends, to a large extent, on the services provided by the teachers and their proactive approach to achieving educational learning objectives and developing students’ abilities to the highest levels.
They strive to help students in facing life challenges and enhance self-reliance. To achieve educational goals and enhance the instructional processes, teachers use the Five Finger Retell Strategy also popularly known as the Five-Finger Strategy, or Five-Finger Rule, which may be used separately or in combination with several other strategies.
What is Five Finger Reading Strategy?
Five Finger Rule for Reading strategy helps students acquire key skills such as listening, forecasting, summarizing, and many mental skills, building questions by employing the five key question tags; when, what, why, how, and who.
- ‘Where,’ can also be added to this list if necessary to achieve specific educational goals. Five Finger Rule for Reading is designed to help students remember the five basic elements of the story.
- This five finger rule includes:
- Thumb – Setting
- Pointer – Characters
- Tall Finger – Problem
- Ring Finger – Events/Episodes
- Little Finger – Ending/Solution
The Five-Finger reading strategies help students summarize the content orally or complete a written summary without forgetting the necessary details.
How Five-Finger Strategy Can Be Used In Education?
Five-Finger retell reading strategy can also help children find the right books to develop their interest in reading. They can apply this strategy according to the number of fingers they hold up. Even if the book is a little tough for them to understand, they will not find it difficult with the Fiver Finger Retell Strategy. When children will choose the books they want to read and enjoy, they will develop a better interest in reading and it will lead to a love for books and reading.
Steps to Five Finger Strategy:
The teachers can use the following steps to help their students follow the Five Finger Retell Strategy:
Prepare A Hand Finger Design:
- Write in each finger, when, what, why, how, who, and in the palm summarize the most basic ideas in the lesson.
- Divide students into groups with five students in each group
- Ask students to read the headlines in the lesson, then ask them to write questions before the start of the lesson and what they want to learn, things they have ambiguities about or are interesting to them.
- After the students are done writing the questions, introduce the lesson, and assure they focus on the answers to their questions.
- Start the activity and ask them to solve the questions.
- After completing, have the students summarize the lesson ideas in the palm.
- Display the chart in front of the students or ask each group to read the answers and provide feedback.
How Teachers Can Play A Crucial Role In Five-Finger Strategy:
- The teacher divides students into groups and encourages meaningful collaborative work; each group only contains five students
- The teacher helps students understand how the Five-Finger strategy works, and how to employ questioning tools.
- The teacher encourages students to answer the questions they have written as they understand the lesson described.
- The teacher helps to come up with the methods and strategies that develop thinking skills among students.
- The teacher allows students to develop challenging tasks and deep thought-provoking questions.
- The teacher ensures that students come up with continuous feedback on the correctness of the composition of the questions, and the correctness of the answers reached.
- The teacher strives to create a fertile classroom environment that is rich in educational motivations and teaching supports.
How The Fiver Finger Retell Strategy Helps Students:
- Students get a chance to come up with questions about what they are doing
- They ask thought-provoking and meaningful questions regarding the text
- Students challenge themselves by making efforts to solve the tasks
- Students engage in individual and collaborative efforts to complete the assignment
- Students learn to pay better attention to what the teacher is saying
Understanding The Usefulness And Benefit Of Five-Finger Retell Strategy:
It is important to understand that retelling is a challenging and complex task. It requires in-depth knowledge of the test, a grasp of the vocabulary, and the ability to recall and summarize to do it right. But it is a valuable skill, and research has shown that retelling enhances comprehension and vocabulary development in the long run.
Retelling strategy helps students who find memory, attention, or language processing difficult and provides them a chance to work on their skills. Along with the teachers’ guidance and support, the students can internalize their skills. As they will know what to expect, they will be more attention when going through texts and make effort to focus when they read or listen.
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Retelling increases student’s engagement with the text more than once. It is because they need to go through the text very carefully to work on the memory or language and they must focus to know it better. When they read for the first time, it is for general understanding, but retelling helps them find gaps in their knowledge and get ready to ask questions and focus more on details to succeed in their efforts.
The more they review the text, and the more they focus on it, the better results it will help them enjoy. The good thing about retelling is that pictures, props, or work banks help students in a different format. They enhance their engagement and skills and it returns in oral and written language development along with better comprehension skills.